- (1950– )As an officer of the KGB’s Ninth (Leadership Protection) Directorate, Korzhakov was assigned to protect Boris Yeltsin. As Yeltsin’s personal bodyguard, Korzhakov played a critical role in the 1991 August putsch, encouraging the Russian leader to leave his dacha outside Moscow to go the Russian White House, the parliament building, and rally his supporters.Korzhakov played a critical role two years later, when communist parliamentarians tried a putsch. Korzhakov encouraged Yeltsin to resist pressure from communists in the Duma interested in overthrowing the infant Russian republic. Once again, Korzhakov saved Yeltsin from disgrace or death. Korzhakov was rewarded for his loyalty and courage by promotion to the head of a new independent guard service, the PSB (Prezidentskaya sluzhba bezopasnosti, or Presidential Security Service). Under Korzhakov, the PSB grew into a paramilitary service with a large military component. According to the Russian media, Korzhakov became a modern Lavrenty Beria with power over the security establishment. As Yeltsin’s grey eminence, Korzhakov had tremendous power inside the president’s official “family.” With his ally, FSB chief Mikhail Bursakov, he dominated the president, setting political policies in both foreign and domestic areas. In July 1996 Yeltsin purged Korzhakov and his allies in the inner circle. Korzhakov got even by writing a “tell-all” book about Yeltsin, and he has since been elected to the Russian Duma. Korzhakov’s rapid raise and even more rapid fall illustrated both Yeltsin’s unscrupulous use of the security services and the unbridled way that the Russian president controlled his administration and Russia. The disintegration of the Soviet Union did not, as Korzhakov’s career illustrated, mean the rule of law for Russia or her security institutions.
Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. Robert W. Pringle. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Korzhakov, Aleksandr Vasilyevich — (1950– ) Politician. Born in Moscow to a proletarian family, Aleksandr Korzhakov rose through the ranks of the KGB during the 1970s. After serving in the Soviet Afghan War, he was assigned to Yury Andropov as a personal bodyguard. In 1985, he… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Bibliography — Any historian of the Russian intelligence and security services is bedeviled by questions of quantity and quality of information. This bibliography is a selection of relevant and important books and articles mostly in English and Russian that… … Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence
Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… … Universalium
Politics of Russia — The politics of Russia ( the Russian Federation) take place in a framework of a federal presidential republic. According to the Constitution of Russia, the President of Russia is head of state, and of a multi party system with executive power… … Wikipedia
Borís Yeltsin — Borís Nikoláyevich Yeltsin Борис Николаевич Ельцин … Wikipedia Español
Leadership Protection — A major role of the Soviet security service from the 1920s to 1991 was the protection of the party leadership. While Vladimir Lenin dismissed the need for a large security detail, Joseph Stalin saw two reasons for a new and enhanced component… … Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence
Roman Abramovitch — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abramovitch. Roman Abramovitch Roman Abramovitch en 2008 … Wikipédia en Français
Roman Abramovich — Roman Abramovitch Roman Abramovitch Roman Arkadievitch Abramovitch (parfois orthographié Abramovich, en russe : Роман Аркадьевич Абрамович), né le 24 octobre 1966 à Saratov, Russie, est un oligarque russe … Wikipédia en Français
Yeltsin (disambiguation) — Yeltsin may refer to: *Boris Yeltsin (1931 2007), former president of Russia. *Naina Yeltsina (b. 1932), widow of Boris Yeltsin. *Tatyana Dyachenko (née Yeltsina; b. 1960), daughter and presidential advisor of Boris Yeltsin. * , a memoirs book by … Wikipedia
Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich — (1931– ) Boris Yeltsin rose quickly in the Communist Party to head the Sverdlovsk party apparatus in the late 1970s. He was, however, twice deeply embarrassed by the KGB in the 1970s. KGB Chair Yuri Andropov ordered him to destroy the house in … Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence